Understanding Breast Disorders: Obstetrics & Gynecology By Dr. Rachel Oliver

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Breast problems are rather frequent, thus it is essential to have a solid understanding of the various subtypes of breast disorders as well as the available treatments for each one.

Breast Disorders

Breast disorders are common and can be treated with medication. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, but it’s important to note that not all breast cancers are fatal. More than 99% of all cases of breast cancer can be treated successfully with surgery or radiation therapy.

Breast disorders can be caused by genetics, hormones, trauma, smoking, nuclear power plant radiation, or airport X-rays. According to Dr. Rachel Oliver, the most frequent type of benign tumor in breast tissue is fibroadenoma; these aberrant lumps are solid enough to palpate but do not penetrate surrounding tissue like malignant tumors do as they grow larger over time.


Having a fibroadenoma in the breast is not harmful. The most frequent benign breast tumor, fibroadenomas, account for only 1%-2% of breast lumps. These tumors are more migratory and fragile than cancerous tumors. A fibroadenoma may only be felt as a lump in the breast until it begins to push on adjacent nerves or blood vessels.

A fibroadenoma can arise from any layer of your mammary gland: inner lining, outer lining, lobules that produce milk ducts within these two linings, or fat deposits between lobules called stromal cells.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy among women, with 252,710 new cases projected this year. It develops when breast cells grow uncontrolled. Radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery treat breast cancer. Your breast cancer kind, age, health, and other factors determine treatment. If breast cancer is caught at an early stage, it can often be cured with surgery (lumpectomy or mastectomy), radiation therapy, or hormone therapy.


An infected breast is known as mastitis. The most common cause is an infection with staphylococci. Symptoms include discomfort in one breast area along with other signs such as redness, warmth, swelling, fever, nausea, and chills. Breast tenderness or injury may occur due to mastitis in a breastfeeding mother. Dr. Rachel Oliver If you have mastitis and these symptoms persist for more than a few days, you should see a doctor because you may develop a breast abscess, a potentially life-threatening complication of mastitis.